10 Essential Drone Parts You Need To Know For Lift Off

Image source: Unsplash

Propeller and Quad Drones have become one of the fastest growing pieces of technology from the last decade. The marketplace has been flooded with drones for every purpose, be it commercial mapping, professional film production, or personal recreation. There are as many models of drones as there are types of cars, but that doesn't change the basic drone parts required for flight. Today, we want to go over the essential drone parts you should be familiar with before taking to the skies with your very own quadcopter.

How Do Drones Take Flight?

white drone flying with camera

Image source: Unsplash

The most common type of drone is the quadcopter, a four-prop machine that uses propeller-generated lift to take to the air. The concept here is not much different from a helicopter where a large rotating propeller generates enough thrust to lift the object off the ground. The big trick with a quadcopter drone (which we will just call a “drone” from here on out) is using four precisely balanced propellers to not only lift the machine but to move it in different directions at different speeds.


This directional control is initiated by adjusting the thrust of one or more of the propellers. By accelerating different combinations of props you can shift the balance of flight and change the directional movement of the drone. The basic concept here is simple enough to understand, but the underlying science and technology behind this balance can be complicated. Fortunately, the hard work of balancing the drone is handled by a series of drone parts, with each designed for a specific and critical function.


This article will go over the ten drone parts necessary for flight. If you want to be an expert drone pilot, then it's critical you know how each of these pieces works to take your machine to the skies.

Are There Different Types Of Drones?

drone flying in the air

Image source: Pixabay

Yes, there are drone types other than the traditional quadcopter style. The most common deviations are multi-prop drones that use anywhere from six to twelve different propellers. These types of drones are usually much larger and geared toward professional or competitive uses. These aren't necessarily more maneuverable than a quadcopter, but they generate a significantly higher amount of lift.


Therefore, they can carry heavier payloads, such as professional film cameras. Some of these other large drones have been developed as delivery vehicles that can send small packages into more remote and difficult-to-reach areas. The other common type of drone is the fixed wing or flying wing style. These look less like helicopters and more like science fiction jet planes.


The most common style of fixed-wing drone looks strikingly similar to the B-52 bomber, a large, single wing that sweeps back on both sides. These are more geared towards faster speed and higher altitudes since the fixed-wings provide the added lift of a traditional plane.


These also conserve power because the wings give the drone the ability to glide for long periods of time. Though these are technically in the “drone class” of aerial vehicles, they have more in common with model planes than they do a quadcopter.

What Drone Parts Are Required For Flying?

flying drone with lights at night

Image source: Pixabay

While there's a myriad of variations to the standard drone, there will always be a basic system of propellers, motors, and centralized processors needed to take flight. These ten drone parts are the essential elements you'll encounter when maintaining and servicing your quadcopter-style drone. If you want to pilot a drone safely, it's important to know the basic functions each of these parts and how they work together to control the drone.

1. Standard Propellers

2. Pusher Propellers

3. Booms & Engine Mounts

4. Landing Gear

5. Motors

6. Flight Controller and Onboard Computer 

7. Remote Control & Transmitter

8. Electronic Speed Controllers

9. Control Receiver

10. Battery

Non-Essential Parts And Variations

While the ten drone parts we discussed above are essential to safe flying and control of the drone, there might be other parts included that you should know about. Though these components aren't necessary for standard flight, your particular model of drone might include these advanced parts. It's good to know what you're looking at when shopping for new models, so keep an eye out for these advanced features.

Cameras and Video Recorders

Onboard GPS & Telemetry Recorder

Gimbal and Camera Motor Control Module

Collision Avoidance Sensors

Some Final Thoughts On Drone Parts

The ten drone parts we highlighted above comprise the basic parts with which you should be familiar, but the world of drones doesn't stop there. As these flying machines become more popular, there will be even more variations introduced into the market. 


If you're interested in joining the world of recreational flying, or if you need a mobile solution for your business, then you should look into getting a drone before the technology takes off and leaves you behind.

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